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How to maintain a healthy garden

It is very disheartening when the plants in your garden fall prey to disease. The question everyone asks is how exactly this came about. In the event that it spreads out will it destroy all your plants? For a fact, preventing disease when it comes to plants depends on the host, pathogens that attack the plants, and the prevailing environmental conditions. It takes all these factors to bring about disease. In that regard, the simplest way of preventing the occurrence of the disease is knocking out one of these factors. 


The best soil

You cannot consider your plants productive and healthy if they are not planted on the right soil. If the soil is not fertile, loamy or permeable then the plants are at risk of infection. Good healthy soil helps develop strong and productive plants. The choice of using chemical soil treatments has raised lots of debate lately. More industry experts seem to be in favor of using organic soil. 



Picking the right plants

Just because you saw an attractive plant while on vacation and noted down its name, it does not mean it will grow in your garden. Before going planting ensure they match the surrounding areas planting conditions. Narrow your choice on those that adjust well to moisture, dimensions, soil quality, and light. Plants resistant to diseases and pests can save you from disappointment. 




Proper spacing

Always ensure there is adequate space for planting as it contributes to the plants' health. Every plant has its own unique set of needs. A few tips worth considering is the air circulation room and size of the pot when planting. If you opted for ground cover species, ensure they are grouped together in beds away from public pathways. If you group them accurately, the need for weeding will be minimized alongside the uneconomical water usage. The rows in between should have ample space to allow for maintenance that way fungal attacks are repelled. There are those who plant tomatoes alongside their fresh organic plants or non-hybrid beans - that way they maximize on the space. 



Predictable watering schedule

You must have a regular watering schedule as it is a must-have requirement for any plants survival. Watering does not mean you have to make them wet. Not all plants demand an equal amount of water. In that regard, do your homework to get the right watering schedule for the particular species. The mornings happen to be the best time for watering plants given the atmosphere is cool and chilled. Unlike noon when the sun is overhead and the place is hot, water loss from evaporation is minimal in the mornings. 



Beddings and their borders

Tender flowers thrive in hot climates and can result in occasional heat waves. Water your lawn as recommended by an experienced botanist. Good examples are the canna, agapanthus, petunias, eucomis, dahlias, zinnia, and lots more. Where planting is required to fill the planting holes and drain it out before setting in the plants. Weeds can easily be killed so this is the best chance of getting them out. 



The planting position matters

If you are planning to drop a dime on high-value plants for your garden landscaping, get an expert opinion on the place you will have them positioned. Surprisingly, some plants thrive when under shade. Also, look at the planting position and ensure its well-drained. If the planting was done in a container ensure there are adequate drainage holes at the bottom of the pot. 




Vegetable and fruit growing

If there is too much exposure to sunshine there might be adverse effects on your crops. For instance, potatoes will fill up with starch, beetroots and carrots will ripen. Tomatoes need the sunshine to ripen to perfection. Plums and pears equally respond well to light and warmth. If there is an extended rainy season there is a high chance of the brown rot disease affecting them. 

Pests to look out for during the hot weather season are the caterpillars, red spider mites and blackflies. If you have to simply squash by hand. Diseases like potato blight are also affected by the weather. 



Greenhouse conservancies

If you intend to fix some greenhouses in your backyard, beware that they easily overheat so manage the temperature. This can be done by shading or taking out some panels. 


About the Author:

Lena is an interior designer at Homes in London, and she loves to be able to help her clients create their dream home because she believes that home isn't just a place, it's a feeling. She is confident that her experiences can help a lot of people so she expresses it through writings. If you need design advice, feel free to reach out to her as she will always be available for those in need. :)